Who are the web developers?

As a specialist in IT development, the developer is responsible for writing all or part of the IT programs necessary for the smooth running of the website for which he is responsible.

The lines of code he will write translate into computer language the functionalities requested from the site to meet the expectations of the client and the Internet user. Who are they?

The types of contracts offered to them

As the job offer far exceeds demand, it is logical to note that the vast majority of developers (82% more precisely) work on permanent contracts and a full-time basis. The low proportion (7%) of positions on internships or professionalization contracts is also due to this shortage of talent: companies are primarily seeking to attract them but also to retain them, thus favoring the permanent agreement.

The developer: a mostly male profile

Although IT is becoming more and more female, the fact remains that the job of Web developer remains mainly male: of the 270,000 developers, only 12% are women! At a time of digital transformation, and at the very moment when a real shortage of talent is being felt, the lack of appetite of female profiles for these professions is therefore still as evident as ever. It is also important to note that 6 out of 10 developers (58% to be precise) haven’t worked work for more than 10 years.

The level of training required by recruiters

But what are employers’ expectations in terms of training for these code experts? We can see that more than half (56%) of recruiters are looking for developer profiles with a minimum of 4 years of higher education. We should note that the “Master Degree” profiles are increasingly in demand by companies. However, we can highlight the large proportion of self-taught coders (20%), proof that it is still possible, with a great deal of will and personal investment, particularly in the learning of the various programming languages, to carry out such an exciting and rewarding profession.

The most popular languages

Whether they are self-taught or the result of specific training, developers must have a perfect knowledge of the different languages used by companies. But what are they? In the list of languages most sought after by recruiters in 2018, Java is in the first place, with 27% of the offers studied citing it as a prerequisite. It is used in the Android environment and not the easiest to understand and control. However, many applications and video games use it. In the second place, cited in 21% of recruiters’ offers, is JavaScript, which is mainly used on the front end. These two languages are also among the developers’ top five favorites.

In these two rankings, there are other languages, popular among both recruiters and developers, such as Python (also known as one of the easiest to learn), C++ (widely used in the video game industry) and C# (mainly used in development on the Microsoft.NET platform). On the other hand, if SQL (primarily used in database exploitation) is in third place in terms of citation by recruiters in their offers, it is absent from TOP 5 of the programming languages preferred by developers. The same is true for PHP, which is mentioned in 16% of job offers and is widely used in web development.

Alternatives to WordPress: 3 CMS solutions to create a website

WordPress is today the most popular website creation tool in the world: according to W3Tech experts, 33% of all sites on the Internet are now powered by WordPress technology. While this content management system (CMS) has established itself as a global reference, there are some excellent alternatives to WordPress.

Below, we have therefore established a selection of CMS that are accessible to all, and that will allow everyone to create a site without any computer knowledge.

Drupal, an alternative for developers

Drupal is a CMS that was created “by developers for developers” and is therefore slightly more complicated to handle. Drupal is a content management solution that is intended for an audience with technical skills, and that’s why it may be less popular.

This disadvantage can also be an advantage: indeed, thanks to Drupal’s great flexibility, it is possible to obtain much more advanced results thanks to more advanced features. It will depend mainly on the technical skills of its user: if he is up to the task, he will obtain much more convincing results than on any other CMS.

Wix, a credible alternative to WordPress

If WordPress leaves very little flexibility to its users in modifying the basic model (without computer knowledge), Wix is a much more flexible – and much more efficient – editor. Today, it is an undeniable advantage in Wix that everyone will undoubtedly recognize. The company listed on the stock exchange has more than 109 million users. It offers a free solution, and its paid version provides a 14-day trial period.

On WordPress, you can edit your site at several levels – which can make the modification sometimes a little tricky. Indeed, we should note that design changes are not made in a single place and that there can therefore quickly be confusion.

Finally, if the significant advantage of a WordPress is to be open source and open to all developers, it is also a bit of a disadvantage. Wix is much more closed, but the features are not redundant. If we had to compare, WordPress would be an open “Android” solution while Wix would be more like “iOS” with a closed ecosystem. Each has its advantages and disadvantages.

Weebly, a reinforced CMS with Square?

Weebly offers a site template system that you can use to customize and create your site. Weebly keeps some advantages/disadvantages by leaving the possibility of being able to touch the technique (as with an HTML text editor, or the possibility of exporting its database to another hosting).

On the other hand, it may be regrettable that the site models are less aesthetically pleasing.